This page is for climate and vegetation.


Ancient Mali

In Mali there was very good agriculture so, the population grew. There was good agriculture because there was heavy rainfall which was good for crops.

Modern Mali

Northern Mali is arid (dry) and there is no vegetation. It is part of the Sahara, very little people live there. Southern Mali is wetter and there is a lot of natural vegetation and plant life. The Mali people mostly live in southern Mali along the Niger River.


The climate in Mali is dry in winter and rainy in summer. The rains arrive first and in large amaunts in the south and after winter in small amounts in the north. Rainfall is not dependable, some years there is enough rain and some years there is too little. Also when it rains, it comes down really hard and takes all the nutrients way from the soil. In Mali rainfall is spotty, meaning that in one place it rains hard and in another place it rains very little, so some villages are stuck with no crops to cultivate. During the winter season the temperature is in the mid 70s Farenhiet (21 celsius) in the day, but at night it gets extremely cold. Since there are very little clouds the heat from the day can go out into the atmosphere, this is called radiation cooling. The temperature becomes hotter, more than 90 F (32 C) as dry winds blow from the northeast, the winds are called Harmattan. The winds are followed by the rainy season and the temperatures go dow to 80 F (26 C).

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