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Welcome to the ancient Ghana environment page!


You can visit all the Ghanaian pages from these URLS:
-Ancient Ghana Trade.
-Ancient Ghana Place.
-Ancient Ghana Movement.
-Ancient Ghana Region.
-Extra Information on Ancient Ghana.
-Bibliography
Ancient Ghana Location

Technology
The Ghana Empire was not a very advanced empire. Most of the population lived rural lives. After many years of living a rural life, the civilians of Ghana were introduced to the “iron-working” technology. This technology made them achieve many things, which would be impossible to achieve otherwise. The iron-working technology allowed many civilians to lead less of a rural life.
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The iron-working technology helped the Ghana Empire lead an easier and better life. It provided them with several useful tools.
Picture Sources: http://www.arkeologi.uu.se/afr/projects/urban/abungusudd.jpg
http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/ArchLab/experimental/images/photo11_600.jpg
http://www.fao.org/docrep/u9300e/u9300e14.jpg

People
The people of Ghana were ready for trouble, as they had “squabbles” with their neighboring kingdoms every now and then. As sometimes, these “squabbles”, turned into wars, the kingdom had a very large army. They wanted to live normal and comfortable lives, like everyone else. The king conducted public prayers in the main city plazas. Storytelling was also very popular amongst the villagers. They loved to hear stories about “Anasi”, the spider, a very popular myth amongst the villagers.
external image ghawoman.jpgexternal image sleep3.jpgexternal image anansi1a.jpg
The people of Ghana leaded ordinary lives. They used to go to city plazas and pray and listen to stories of Anasi the spider (extreme right).
Picture Sources: http://www.fairiesworld.com/pixs/anansi1a.jpg
http://www.newint.org/issue237/Images/sleep3.jpg
http://www.globalvolunteers.org/1graphics/ghana/ghawoman.jpg


Food

In ancient Ghana they mainly ate soups and they were eaten with fufu / plantain, cassava, kokonte (cassava meal with paste), banku (fermented corn dough), boiled yam, rice, bread. The soups were mostly light palm nut soup or groundnut (peanut) soup. They would add fish, goat, mutton or chicken and sauces to the soups.Thick soups are the mainstay of the Ghanaian foods and are eaten either rice or potatoes

Other foods were:
∑ Gari foto: eggs, onions, dried shrimp, tomatoes and gari
∑ Agushi: squash seed sauce, tomatoes and onions
∑ Omo tuo: mashed rice balls with groundnut soup
∑ Jollof rice
∑ Red- red: fried plantain and bean sauce
∑ Kenkey: boiled fermented corn dough
∑ Fish, kelewele: deep fried and heavily spiced plantain
∑ Shito: hot pepper sauce

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Picture links: http://www.leafforlife.org/frut_verd/frut_verd_grand/cassava.jpg
http://www.saveursdumonde.net/ency_4/banane/plantain.jpg
http://tomsdomain.com/recipes/images/roastchick/roastchick.jpg

Daily Life
The main occupations in Ghana were mainly farming, mining and painting. The tailors of Ghana produced the most wonderful fabrics. They used mud to external image Sweet-Potato-21.jpgmake designs on dyed cloth. Fresh fruits and sweet potato were commonly eaten snacks. The river, Niger, provided water for farming, washing, bathing etc. At the end of each day, each family would sing many happy and thankful songs together, and then eat a wonderful feast.
external image Nut_Tree_CA_PC_Fresh_Fruits.jpgexternal image niger-river2.jpg
The people of Ghana loved eating fresh fruits and sweet potatoes. The river Niger provided them with water for bathing, farming etc.
Picture Sources: http://users.telenet.be/be.bartlog/media/niger-river2.jpg
http://www.hort.cornell.edu/4hplants/Vegetables/Images/Sweet-Potato-21.jpg
http://www.alamedainfo.com/Nut_Tree_CA_PC_Fresh_Fruits.jpg

Houses

Village houses were made of sun-dried mud, acacia wood or stone. Since there was a hot climate the houses were mostly used for storage and sleeping, while the rest of the activities were mainly done outside.

Ghana Life

Ghana was the first black African colony to become independent from the British. Before independence Ghana was called the Gold coast.

Life

The life between a city dweller and a normal person could be very different. City dwellers wore expensive clothing, owned items of art, copper utensils, swords, and foreign products. They also ate exotic food, especially citrus fruits, but most people didn’t live like that. A lot of the people lived in big family communities. 80% lived in farming compounds. The women cooked, ate, worked and entertained. The men had work the field together and hunt.

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Picture URL's: http://www.babasushi.info/photos/albums/uploads/udi/india8/normal_IMG_9435.JPGThab8vf8.jpg
http://www.prairienet.org/maya/images/women-cooking.jpg

Ghanaian Agriculture

Ghana’s main agriculture was cocoa beans. Cocoa beans was introduced to Ghana in 1878 by Tettah Quarshie. Once Ghana was introduced to cocoa beans and the started to produce cocoa beans themselves they became the worlds largest supplier, supplying over one third of the worlds population.
There is a picture of Ghanaian agriculture on this URL: www.horizoncosmopolite.com/Images/images/Photos/Ghana/agriculture.gif
Ghanaian clothing

Clothing

Dressing in Ghana traditionally reflects the geo-political division of the country into north and south. The most popular cloth for festive occasions is Kente. Cloth is commonly worn by men from the smock which is becoming a gown for all occasions is common for all men in north.